Candide is a novel by Voltaire that was first published in 1759. The story follows Candide, a young man who is optimism
Candide is a novel by Voltaire that was first published in 1759. The story follows Candide, a young man who is Optimism taught by his mentor, Professor Pangloss, that “all is for the best” in this world. After Candide witnesses great suffering and destruction, he begins to question Pangloss’s teachings.
Candide eventually meets up with his good friend Cacambo, and together they travel to the fabled land of Eldorado where they find happiness and wealth beyond their wildest dreams. Candide eventually learns that “all is not for the best” and that happiness can be found in simple things, not just in wealth and power. Candide is a timeless classic that is sure to make you think twice about the things you take for granted in this world.
Voltaire’s Candide is the tale of a young man’s experiences in a mad and depraved world, his fight to stay alive in it, and his need to come terms with it. All individuals face problems in life, including natural disasters as well as artificial barriers erected by others, and must overcome both. “In order to attain happiness, man must find a balance between what Martin (scholar and companion to Candide) refers to as the ‘convulsions of anxiety’ and the ‘lethargy of boredom'” (Richter 137).
Candide, on the other hand, has to struggle through adversity in order to find pleasure. He comes to the conclusion that everything is not well (as he has previously been taught by his tutor, Dr. Pangloss), and that he must work in order to discover even a tiny degree of enjoyment in life.
Candide must accept that “Optimism is not a philosophical doctrine suitable for human beings” (Voltaire 164). Candide’s journey is one of optimism meeting reality, and it is only through Candide’s final acceptance of life’s trials and tribulations that he can find any happiness.
Candide begins his journey full of hope and innocence. He has been taught by his tutor, Dr. Pangloss, that “all is for the best in this best of all possible worlds” (Voltaire 3). Candide believes whole-heartedly in Pangloss’ philosophy, even when faced with evidence to the contrary.
Candide grows up in the Castle of Westphalia and is educated by Dr. Pangloss, a learned philosopher. Candide is abruptly dispossessed of his home when he is caught kissing Cunegonde, the Baron’s daughter. Devastated by their separation, Candide sets out on a quest to discover her and obtain total happiness, despite facing numerous difficulties on the road, including being flogged during military training. He still believes that everything has “cause and effect,” even though he suffers many setbacks along the way (including torture during army training).
Candide eventually learns that all is not for the best and that happiness does not come from a search for the “perfect” place or person. Candide must accept life’s imperfections in order to find true contentment.
Candide is reunited with Cunegonde, and he regains a prosperous life, but all is taken away from him shortly after. He continues on, years later, discovering her once more but now fat and deformed. His riches have vanished, as has his love for the Baron’s daughter. Life contains difficulties; however, if people accepted whatever fate had in store for them without attempting to change or overcome it, they would be non-productive.
Candide – All is Not for the Best, because it teaches us to be proactive and not take life for granted. Candide has been through a lot of tough times, but he always manages to pick himself up and keep going. This is an important lesson for all of us. Life is full of hardships, but we mustn’t give up hope. Candide is a story that will stay with you long after you’ve read it. Candide is a character that you can’t help but root for, and his journey is one that we can all learn from.
Voltaire believes that people should not become victims. He laughs at gullible, passive types, informing us that we must strive to attain our ideal societies (Bottiglia 93). In Candide, the actual world and “the real world” are shown to be unfulfilling. Candide is able to live a utopian life inside the Baron’s residence. However, after his banishment, he recognizes the brutality of the world and man’s miseries.
Candide tries to reason with Pangloss, who lives in his own world of philosophy, but Candide is unable to get through to him. Candide comes to the realization that all is not for the best and that life is full of trials and tribulations. From this experience, Candide learns that people must work hard in order to make their dreams a reality.
Candide has many experiences which lead him to his eventual enlightenment. Candide’s love for Cunegonde is one such experience. Candide loves her deeply, yet she is taken away from him and he suffers greatly. Candide also witnesses war and death firsthand, something which had been previously foreign to him. He sees first-hand the destruction that humans are capable of.
Candide also meets with many different types of people, all with their own stories of woe. Candide is eventually able to see that “the world is not a bed of roses” (Voltaire 97). He comes to the realization that life is full of hardships, but that it is still worth living.
Candide’s journey leads him to the conclusion that all is not for the best. Voltaire believes that people should not accept their fate, but should work hard to make their dreams a reality. Candide’s story is one of enlightenment and understanding, and ultimately serves as a warning to those who would blindly accept the world as it is. Candide teaches us that we must be careful not to fall victim to our own happiness, but instead work towards making the world a better place.
Candide’s only hope is that the world will improve. Candide has a cheerful disposition, which he acquired from Dr. Pangloss’ teachings, despite the fact that the world is filled with calamity. Despite his many difficulties, Candidese believes that everything is correct and for the best. Only once, in irritation, does he confess to believing in “the mania of maintaining that all is well when we are miserable,” as optimism is “the last step before despair.” Voltaire’s purpose for Candide is to point out the folly of such thinking.
Candide’s optimism is finally broken when he sees the suffering of people who are much worse off than himself. Candide witnesses first-hand the horrors of war, famine, and disease. He meets people who have been tortured, mutilated, and exiled. In the face of such misery, Candide can no longer maintain his optimistic attitude. He comes to realize that “all is not for the best” after all (Voltaire 106).
Candide’s story is a satire of Optimism, a philosophical system popular in Voltaire’s day. Optimists believed that this world is the best possible world and that everything happens for a reason. Voltaire disagreed with this way of thinking, and used Candide to show the foolishness of such optimism in the face of suffering. Candide’s journey teaches him that although the world may not be perfect, it is still worth living in. Candide comes to understand that happiness comes from making the best of what we have, rather than hoping for an impossible perfection.