It is a common misconception that people are born as criminals. This simply is not the case. While there may be some psychological and sociological factors that can predispose someone to criminal activity, there is no definitive evidence that anyone is predestined to a life of crime. Instead, it is much more likely that crime is a product of environmental and economic factors.
For example, poverty and lack of opportunity are often major drivers of criminal behavior. So, while people may not be born as criminals, they can certainly become criminals if they find themselves in the right (or wrong) circumstances.
A criminal is defined as someone who has broken the law. Many theories and explanations have been put forward by psychologists regarding why people commit crimes. The two most significant reasons are genetic and environmental factors, which are a part of the nature versus nurture debate. Studies have been conducted to explain criminal behavior. Some believe that criminals are born; these are twin and adoption studies, for example.
These studies have shown that genetic factors play a role in criminal behavior. Environmental factors such as poverty, social isolation, and poor parenting have also been linked to crime. There are many different theories about why people commit crimes, but it is important to remember that people are not born as criminals.
Some criminologists believe that criminal behavior is caused by genetic factors. This theory is based on the fact that identical twins share the same genes, while fraternal twins only share half of their genes. Studies of twins have shown that if one identical twin is a criminal, the other twin has a higher chance of being a criminal as well.
This suggests that there is a genetic link to crime. Another study that looked at adopted children showed that children who were adopted into homes with criminal parents were more likely to be criminals themselves. This suggests that environmental factors, such as being raised in a criminal home, can also lead to criminal behavior.
There are many different theories about why people commit crimes, but it is important to remember that people are not born as criminals. While there may be some genetic and environmental factors that contribute to criminal behavior, it is not possible to say that anyone is born a criminal.
On the other hand, there are studies that have been conducted to show that criminals are created by society, such as the social learning theory and labelling behavior. These are examples I’ll use to show both sides of the debate: whether offenders are born or made.
The social learning theory is the idea that people learn from observing others’ behavior, whether in real life or via the media, and then imitate it. Bandura’s Bobo doll experiment is a perfect example of this; children who saw an adult behaving aggressively towards a Bobo doll were more likely to copy that behavior when they were left alone with the doll. This shows that children are impressionable and will copy what they see, which could lead them to commit crime if they observe criminal behavior happening around them.
Labeling theory is another way of looking at how society can create criminals. It suggests that people who are labeled as ‘deviant’ or ‘criminal’ are more likely to live up to that label and behave in a way that society expects of them. A famous example of this is the ‘Mathematical Murderer’ William Calley, who was given the nickname by the media after he was convicted of mass murder during the Vietnam War. The label stuck with him and led to further negative behavior, even after he had been released from prison.
So, what can we conclude from all this? Are criminals born or made? In my opinion, it is a bit of both. There are definitely some people who are born with sociopathic tendencies that make them more likely to commit crime, but there are also many factors in society that can turn someone into a criminal. It is important to remember that people are not born as a criminal, but rather they are a product of their environment and experiences.
Just like other medical issues, such as high cholesterol and heart disease, many biologists, medical researchers, and psychologists have come to the conclusion that criminality is inherited. This leads them to believe that criminals have a propensity for crime and are in fact born. To confirm their theory, Brown et al (1998) conducted ‘twin studies,’ in which they kept track of twins and their contact with the police.
Out of the fifty-seven pairs of twins, there was an average of forty percent chance that if one twin had a criminal record then so would the other.
However, this research does not take into account environmental factors which play a role in whether someone will commit crime or not. Therefore, it cannot be said for certain that criminals are born. In fact, most criminologists agree that people are not born as criminals but learn to become one through different processes and experiences in their lives.
Social learning theory is one perspective that suggests people learn criminal behaviour by observing and modelling the behaviour of others around them. For example, a young child who witnesses their parent or older sibling committing crime is more likely to grow up thinking that such behaviour is acceptable.
It is also important to consider that people may turn to crime as a result of their social and economic circumstances. For instance, someone who lives in poverty or comes from a disadvantaged background is more likely to engage in criminal behaviour than someone who does not. This is because they may feel that they have no other choice but to commit crime in order to survive or get what they want in life.
In conclusion, there is no definitive answer as to whether people are born as criminals or not. However, it is clear that both nature and nurture play a role in the development of criminal behaviour. It is therefore important to consider all factors when trying to understand why someone might engage in criminal activity.
This was done to try and pinpoint the influence of hereditary and environmental factors on criminal behavior. In these investigations, identical and fraternal twins’ rates of involvement in criminal activities were compared; they discovered that pairs of identical twins had a greater similarity in criminality than did fraternal twins.
This suggested to them that there was a heritable component to crime. However, other research has found that environmental factors play a much bigger role in criminal behaviour than hereditary factors. For example, one study found that over 70% of the variation in rates of criminal behaviour could be explained by environmental factors, with only 30% due to genetic factors.
So, it is clear that people are not born as criminals – rather, it is the combination of both hereditary and environmental factors that can lead someone to engage in criminal behaviour.