There is no evidence that the death penalty deters crime. In fact, some studies suggest that it may actually lead to more crime. A study by researchers at the University of Colorado found that states with the death penalty had higher murder rates than those without it.
The death penalty also disproportionately affects people of color. African Americans make up 42% of death row inmates, even though they only make up 13% of the population. And in many cases, race is a factor in who is sentenced to death. A study by the Equal Justice Initiative found that in 80% of cases where a white person was killed by a black person, the black person was more likely to be sentenced to death than if the races were reversed.
During biblical times, crime was not only considered a threat to society, but it was also thought to be targeted at God himself. Many commands are found in the Bible regarding how to live a peaceful life and avoid retaliation. The Bible itself states that the penalty should not exceed the offense, thus indicating retribution is in fact a form of punishment rather than the first.
“An eye for an eye” is a common phrase known even to people who have not read the Bible. It reflects the idea that someone who takes another person’s life should have their life taken in return.
The death penalty has been a topic of discussion for many years. Some countries have abolished it while others continue to practice it. There are many pros and cons to having the death penalty. The main argument against the death penalty is that it does not deter crime.
There are studies that show that states with the death penalty actually have higher murder rates than those without the death penalty. In addition, there are often cases of innocent people being sentenced to death. Once someone is put to death, they can no longer be found innocent if new evidence arises.
The death penalty does not seem to be an effective way to deterrence crime and it also can result in the death of innocent people. If we want to reduce crime, we need to look at other methods of punishment that will actually discourage people from committing crimes.
In Matthew 5:38, we read, “You have been told that it is written, ‘An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.’ ” This passage is intended to clarify the idea that the penalty should correspond to the crime. The offender was punished equally as harshly as the wrong committed because he or she was a member of society. Because death cannot be restored nor can pain be relieved, some people may argue that justice isn’t always served.
The main purpose of having a death penalty is to act as a determent for people who are thinking about committing a crime. If the punishment is severe enough, then it will discourage them from going through with it. Unfortunately, there is no evidence that suggests that the death penalty actually deters crime. In fact, studies have shown that states with the death penalty have higher murder rates than states without it.
Because of society’s demand for justice, vengeance is acceptable as long as the criminal is punished, which causes the same amount of pain to the offender that was caused by him. Retribution does not correct the offender’s bad behavior, but it does satisfy society’s desire for restoring moral order by allowing people to get revenge if punishment were not given.
The death penalty is the ultimate form of retribution and its main purpose is to discourage others from committing similar crimes. The problem is that there is no evidence that capital punishment has any deterrent effect on crime.
A study done by professors at Stanford University looked at all available data on executions and murders in the United States from 1934 to 1997 and found that “each execution results, on average, in 18 fewer murders-with a margin of error of plus or minus 10” (Radelet & Lacock).
In other words, there is no significant difference in the murder rates before and after an execution takes place. A separate study conducted by economists at Emory University reached a similar conclusion after looking at data from every state from 1977 to 1997. These studies, and many others like them, suggest that the death penalty is not an effective deterrent to crime.
In addition to being ineffective, the death penalty is also expensive. The cost of pursuing a death penalty case from start to finish can be millions of dollars more than the cost of seeking a life sentence. This is because death penalty cases are tried in two phases – the first to determine guilt or innocence and the second to determine punishment – while life imprisonment cases are tried in only one phase.
The high costs associated with the death penalty are due in part to the need for specialized lawyers and expert witnesses, as well as the lengthy appeals process required in capital cases. These costs are borne by taxpayers, even though most Americans say they would prefer that the death penalty not be used.
A 2009 Gallup poll found that although 63% of Americans continue to support the death penalty, that number is down from 80% in 1996. It’s clear that the American public is becoming less supportive of this practice, even though there is no evidence that it deters crime. In light of these facts, it’s time to reconsider our use of the death penalty.
Deterrence is a logical strategy for discouraging individuals from committing crimes by frightening potential offenders with the knowledge that there will be severe ramifications if they commit felonies, such as imprisonment. Humans are rational, so it follows that people would reconsider the allure of criminal behavior if the possible consequences and severity of punishment were taken into account.
The death penalty is the most severe form of criminal punishment, and so it should be an effective deterrent against crime, right? Unfortunately, the data does not support this claim.
A large body of research over many decades has shown that the death penalty is not an effective deterrent against crime. In fact, some studies suggest that it may actually lead to more violence. A study by researchers at Stanford University found that each execution carried out deterred, on average, 18 murders. However, when other factors such as the number of years spent on death row and changes in homicide rates over time were taken into account, the study found no evidence that executions deterred crime.
Other studies have come to similar conclusions. A comprehensive review of the research on the death penalty by a group of criminologists found that the studies examining the deterrent effect of capital punishment are “not only unable to provide strong evidence for deterrence, but also tend to produce mixed results.”
The data simply does not support the claim that the death penalty deters crime. If anything, the evidence suggests that it may actually lead to more violence.