Romeo and Juliet is a play written by William Shakespeare. The play Romeo and Juliet is a tragedy about two young star-crossed lovers. Romeo Montague falls in love with Juliet Capulet, who is due to marry the County Paris. Romeo gets banished. Juliet fakes her own death in a plan to be reunited. Romeo believes Juliet is truly dead and kills himself. Juliet finds Romeo’s corpse beside her and kills herself
In the play, love is portrayed as something that can cause violence and destruction. Romeo and Juliet disobey their parents in order to be together, which leads to tragedy. Love is also portrayed as something that can make people act impulsively and irrationaly. Romeo kills himself without thinking about how his actions will affect Juliet. Love is also something that can make people blind to the reality of a situation. Romeo did not consider the consequences of his actions and how they would affect Juliet.
Many techniques are used by Shakespeare in Romeo and Juliet to portray love. Their love is represented by images of light and dark, as well as death, and it’s contrasted with the sort of love associated with sight and appearances. In sum, their relationship is on another plane altogether.
Romeo and Juliet’s first meeting occurs at a masquerade ball, where Romeo is disguised in a mask. He is not sure who she is, but he falls in love with her immediately. This type of love—love at first sight—isn’t something that Romeo has experienced before. He says:
But, soft! What light through yonder window breaks?
It is the east, and Juliet is the sun.
Arise, fair sun, and kill the envious moon,
Who is already sick and pale with grief,
That thou her maid art far more fair than she:
Be not her maid, since she is envious;
Her vestal livery is but sick and green
And none but fools do wear it; cast it off.
Here, Romeo compares Juliet to the sun, and himself to the moon. The image of light is used to contrast the dark night, and also to show how Romeo is affected by love. He is willing to give up his own identity for Juliet, and he sees her as being more beautiful than anything else in the world.
Juliet is also shown to be deeply in love with Romeo. In a famous balcony scene, Romeo hides beneath Juliet’s balcony and listens as she professes her love for him. She says:
O Romeo, Romeo! wherefore art thou Romeo?
Deny thy father and refuse thy name;
Or, if thou wilt not, be but sworn my love,
And I’ll no longer be a Capulet. (II.ii.33-36)
Here, Juliet is willing to give up her own family name and identity for Romeo. She sees him as being more important to her than anything else in the world.
The two lovers are willing to do anything for each other, and their love is portrayed as being all-consuming. They are willing to risk everything for their love, even their lives. In the end, Romeo and Juliet both die for each other, and their love is stronger than even death itself.
The love between Romeo and Juliet is ethereal and heavenly. They are “star-crossed lovers,” destined to meet; they have no influence over their fate or the fates of other people. Destiny rather than human will governs the destiny of the lovers, as well as that of other humans. The “fools” of fortune abound in this relationship. Their love has a heavenly quality to it because to its dependence on destinies beyond humanity’s control.
Romeo and Juliet’s love is also portrayed as being physical. Romeo talks about Juliet’s “lip”, and their hands meeting in Romeo’s balcony scene. This emphasizes their youth and the pure, physicality of their attraction to each other. Romeo and Juliet’s love is all-consuming; they are willing to die for each other. Their deaths ultimately unite them in death, after Romeo kills himself upon finding Juliet apparently dead in her tomb. Romeo and Juliet’s love is tragic but ultimately triumphant.
With their faith, they are capable of transcending the world and everyone else. Their love is a means to escape reality and establish their own dark universe. Because of their strong affection, they will be condemned to death by those who despise them and commit violence against them.
Romeo and Juliet must create their own world or face a life without each other. Romeo and Juliet’s love is also very physical. Their love scenes are filled with sexual tension and yearning. Romeo even talks about how he would like to undress Juliet. In Romeo and Juliet, love is often associated with violence, as seen when Romeo gets into fights because of his love for Juliet. Love is also associated with death, as seen when Romeo and Juliet both kill themselves out of love for each other.
The concept of love in Shakespeare’s play is defined through sight and outward appearances. Romeo and Juliet’s love is blind; they first come into contact at a ball, where Romeo is “covered in an antic face” and Juliet’s identity remains unknown to him. Their initial encounter was love at first sight. “Never… had [he] seen true beauty till this night,” says Romeo, revealing their relationship’s dependence on the eyesight. During their second meeting on the balcony, Juliet asks him to “take off your name,” implying that names are also forms of disguise and masking.
Romeo and Juliet’s love is based on physical appearances and this is further emphasized by the line “It is my soul that calls upon my name”. Romeo and Juliet’s spiritual connection is through their love for each other.
When Romeo is banished, Juliet says “My bounty is as boundless as the sea, My love as deep; the more I give to thee, The more I have, for both are infinite.” This Shakespearean oxymoron compares Romeo to the ocean, which appears to be never-ending. Similarly, Juliet feels that her love has no bounds and she would continue to love Romeo despite his banishment. She also speaks of Romeo in terms of light and dark when she says he is the “day in night”, emphasizing Romeo’s dual nature.
Romeo and Juliet’s love is further conveyed through their use of light and dark imagery. Romeo compares Juliet to the sun, while Juliet describes Romeo as the “day in night”. Their love is associated with light, which dispels the darkness. However, their love is ultimately doomed because it cannot withstand the forces of society that seek to keep them apart. Romeo and Juliet’s tragic story highlights the power of love, even in the face of death.
Romeo answers that he is hidden from their sight, allowing only for him and Juliet to see his appearance, who has a “mask of night” on her face. Despite both of them admitting that they love one another, their affection is largely dependent on seeing each other’s faces. This motif is an essential element of Shakespeare’s depicted love because the play itself revolves around sight, appearances, and masks such as family names.
One of the most important aspects in Romeo and Juliet is the family name. The Capulets and the Montagues are two feuding families, Romeo being from the latter and Juliet the former. In Shakespeare’s time, a family’s name was everything and it determined your social standing. So when Romeo says “my name is Romeo, and a Montague” he is not only saying who he is but also his social status. This means that their love is forbidden because they are from different sides in the ongoing feud. Their love is seen as wrong and something that should not be happening, which makes Romeo and Juliet’s love all the more tragic.