Language is the root cause of all knowledge and creation in society. George Orwell is an award-winning author whom successfully communicates his ideas to his audience. Orwell has displayed sufficient evidence in the article “Politics and the English Language” that the English language is deteriorating. He first explains the demise of using words with the incorrect meaning and it’s effects on the language. Then continues to justify the problems of vague statements. Orwell’s purpose is to inform individuals of the depreciation of the English language.
The thesis of this essay is “if thought corrupts language, language can also corrupt thought”. In the article, Orwell argues that political writers use meaningless words to make people accept their point of view without actually thinking about it.
The English language is in a bad state, according to Orwell. It is everywhere: in politics, in commercial advertising, in popular entertainment, and even in high-brow literature. It is used to dress up bare thoughts, to make the unimportant seem important, and to give an air of scientific precision to biased judgements.
Orwell says that political language is designed to make lies sound truthful and murder respectable, and to give an appearance of solidity to pure wind. He gives several examples of such language. For example, the word “democracy” is used in place of “democratic centralism”. This is done to make it sound more scientific. The word “fascism” is used when what is really meant is “capitalism”. The word “nationalization” is used when what is really meant is “the transfer of power from one group of people to another”.
The main point that Orwell is trying to make is that political language is often used to disguise and distort the truth. It is used to make things seem better than they really are, or worse than they really are. It is used to make people accept ideas and policies that they would not normally accept.
Orwell concludes by saying that political language is often used to make people believe in things that they would not normally believe. It is used to make them accept things that they would not normally accept. And it is used to make them do things that they would not normally do.
In his essay “Politics and the English Language,” George Orwell discusses how contemporary English writers have acquired numerous bad writing habits over time, which has resulted in poor writing. He continues to enumerate four major causes for the deterioration of writing quality throughout history.
The first reason is that political writing is usually done to persuade people of something, so the language used is often designed to be vague and confusing instead of clear and concise. The second reason is that the English language has become increasingly bureaucratic, with long words and convoluted sentence structures. The third reason is that many writers are not native English speakers, so they are not as familiar with the rules of grammar and syntax. Lastly, Orwell argues that the decline in quality can be traced back to the education system, which he believes does not teach students how to write properly.
Orwell believes that the only way to fix these problems is by simplifying our language and making it more precise. He offers six rules that he thinks should be followed in order to improve our writing. The first rule is to never use a metaphor, simile, or other figure of speech which you are used to seeing in print.
The second rule is to never use a long word where a short one will do. The third rule is to if it is possible to cut out a word completely, then do so. The fourth rule is to use the active voice rather than the passive voice. The fifth rule is to always use concrete words instead of abstract words. The last rule is to make sure your sentences are clear and concise.
By following these rules, Orwell believes that we can improve the quality of our writing and make our language more precise.
Orwell offers examples of contemporary writers’ mistakes in order to educate politicians and other writers on how to fix them. Orwell relies on logos and pathos to illustrate the literary errors he’s talking about. He starts with this logical appeal when he provides five instances of literary faux pas, which “illustrate a variety of the mental faults from which we now suffer.”
These five examples are: dying metaphors, operators or verbal false limbs, pretentious diction, meaningless words, and archaisms. These all contribute to bad writing because they show that the writer is not thinking about what he or she is saying. The second appeal Orwell uses is emotional when he talks about how politics and literature have declined together. He states that “political chaos is connected with the decay of language” which causes people to believe “lies” more easily. This is a strong emotional appeal because it speaks to the reader’s fears and concerns about the state of the world.
Orwell then goes on to enumerate six rules that he believes will help to improve writing. These are: Never use a metaphor, simile, or other figure of speech which you are used to seeing in print; Never use a long word where a short one will do; If it is possible to cut a word out, always cut it out; Never use the passive voice where you can use the active; Never use a foreign phrase, a scientific word, or a jargon word if you can think of an everyday English equivalent; Break any of these rules sooner than say anything outright barbarous.
Orwell concludes by saying that “Political language… is designed to make lies sound truthful and murder respectable, and to give an appearance of solidity to pure wind.” In other words, political rhetoric is often used to dress up lies and make them seem more palatable to the public. This is a dangerous trend, Orwell believes, because it leads people to accept false information as truth.
Politics and the English Language is an important essay that makes strong arguments against poor writing style. By using emotional and logical appeals, Orwell succeeds in convincing the reader that something must be done to improve the way political rhetoric is used. His six rules for better writing are still relevant today and provide a valuable guide for anyone looking to improve their skills.