The social class of a person was once thought to be static and unchangeable. However, in “A Shopkeeper’s Millennium” by Paul. E. Johnson, it is clear that social class is not as clear-cut as it once seemed.
The book chronicles the lives of ordinary people in upstate New York during the early 1800s, a time when America was undergoing tremendous changes. It shows how the growth of industry and commerce led to the rise of the middle class, and how this new class changed the social dynamic of the country.
The book paints a picture of a society in which the working class was struggling to make ends meet, while the middle class was beginning to enjoy unprecedented prosperity. This created a great deal of tension between the two groups, and led to a number of social and political upheavals. Ultimately, however, the middle class triumphed, and America entered a new era of prosperity.
“A Shopkeeper’s Millennium” is an important work of history that sheds light on the social changes that have shaped America. It is essential reading for anyone who wants to understand the origins of the country’s social class system.
In A Shopkeeper’s Millennium, by Paul. E. Johnson, the society of Rochester is examined in greater depth and how it was affected by the revivals that occurred between 1815 and 1837. He does this by examining the Rochester Directory, church records, and other documents from Rochester. But more significantly, the author attempts to explain why such events took place.
He argues that it was due to the social changes that were occurring in American society. These changes included an increase in the middle class, the rise of the working class, and a change in the way people thought about religion. The combination of these factors led to a desire for religious revival among the people of Rochester.
The book begins by looking at the social changes that were taking place in America during this time period. One of the most important changes was the rise of the middle class. This group was made up of people who were not as wealthy as the upper class, but they still had more money than the working class.
The middle class was growing during this time period because there were more opportunities for them to make money. They could do this by owning their own businesses or by working in management positions. This increase in the middle class led to a change in the way that people thought about religion.
The middle class began to think of religion as something that was private and personal. They no longer saw it as something that needed to be public and visible. This change in thinking led to a desire for religious revival among the people of Rochester. The revivals of 1815-1837 were a response to this desire. The revivals were a way for the people of Rochester to express their new religious beliefs.
During the revivals, there was a significant increase in the number of churches and religious organizations in Rochester. This is because therevivals brought many new people into the city. The new religious organizations were mostly made up of the middle class. This is because they were the ones who were most interested in the private and personal aspects of religion.
The working class, on the other hand, did not participate in the revivals to the same extent as the middle class. This is because they did not have the same interest in religion. They were more concerned with making a living and providing for their families. However, there were some working-class people who did participate in the revivals. These people were usually drawn to the more emotional aspects of the revivals.
Johnson’s ideas that emerge in the book are largely Tocqueville’s and other beliefs that revivals were a sociological anecdote to individualism. To put it another way, Johnson believes that revivals had very little to do with family breakdown, isolation, and rootlessness. He feels that it was due to a number of factors rather than one alone.
Social class being one of them. The book goes on to explore how the changes in social class affected the way people behaved and how those changes in behavior led to more religious revivals.
The first thing that should be noted is that, yes, there were more revivals during this time period than any other. But, as Johnson points out, there were also more different types of churches and religious sects during this time as well. So while it may appear that Christianity was growing by leaps and bounds, what was actually happening was that people were just switching around between different churches a lot more. And part of the reason for this increased church-hopping was because of social class.
As the middle class grew larger and became more economically and socially powerful, they began to assert their values and beliefs more forcefully. They were no longer content to let the working class dictate the terms of religious practice. And so they started their own churches, with their own rules and regulations. This led to a lot of tension between the two groups, and a lot of people ended up leaving the churches they were raised in and joining ones that better matched their social class.
This increased church-hopping was just one symptom of a larger problem: the breakdown of community ties. As people moved away from their families and friends, they became more isolated and rootless. And this isolation made them more likely to seek out religion as a way to connect with others.
So while it’s true that revivals were a response to the individualism of the times, they were also a symptom of it. The two are interconnected, and you can’t really understand one without understanding the other.
In conclusion, the book A Shopkeeper’s Millennium provides a detailed look at the social changes that took place in America during the early nineteenth century. These changes led to a desire for religious revival among the people of Rochester.
The revivals of 1815-1837 were a response to this desire. The working class and the middle class participated in the revivals to different degrees. The working class was mostly interested in the emotional aspects of the revivals, while the middle class was more interested in the private and personal aspects of religion.