Why are some countries more developed than others? A key factor is the Human Development Index (HDI). The HDI is a measure of average achievement in key dimensions of human development: a long and healthy life, being knowledgeable and having a decent standard of living.
The HDI can be used to compare levels of human development between countries. Countries with higher HDIs tend to be more developed, while those with lower HDIs are less developed.
There are many factors that contribute to a country’s HDI. One important factor is geography. Countries with access to resources like oil, gas and minerals tend to be more developed than those without such resources. Another important factor is democracy. Countries with democratic governments tend to be more developed than those with autocratic governments.
So, why are some countries more developed than others? The answer lies in a combination of factors, including the Human Development Index and geography. Countries with higher HDIs and access to resources tend to be more developed.
The world’s most developed countries are engaged in a race to become one of the most advanced nation on the planet. China, Japan, and Korea have been perceived to lead other Asian nations, whereas England and other European nations are regarded as leaders of the world’s most developed countries.
There are many factors which lead to such a scenario, some being the geographical location of the country, its natural resources, its climate and even the history. But what exactly does it take for a country to be called developed?
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has defined development as “the process of expanding human freedoms and achieving equal opportunity for all people”. This definition takes into account not only economic growth but also social inclusion, environmental sustainability, and good governance.
The UNDP publishes an annual Human Development Report which ranks countries according to their Human Development Index (HDI). The HDI is based on three indicators: life expectancy at birth, mean years of schooling, and expected years of schooling. Income levels are also taken into account. Countries with a higher HDI are considered to be more developed than those with a lower HDI.
According to the 2019 Human Development Report, the five most developed countries in the world are Norway, Switzerland, Ireland, Germany, and Hong Kong SAR, China. The five least developed countries are Niger, Central African Republic, South Sudan, Chad, and Burundi.
There are many reasons why some countries are more developed than others. One reason is that some countries have more natural resources than others. For example, oil-rich countries such as Qatar and Kuwait have high incomes and low levels of poverty. On the other hand, landlocked countries such as Burkina Faso and Mali have fewer resources and are less developed.
Another reason why some countries are more developed than others is that they have a more favourable climate. Countries with a tropical climate are generally less developed than those with a temperate climate. This is because tropical diseases such as malaria and dengue fever are common in the tropics, and these diseases can impede economic development. In addition, agricultural production is often lower in the tropics due to higher temperatures and less predictable rainfall patterns.
Geography also plays a role in development. Countries that are located close to major markets tend to be more developed than those that are located further away. For example, Vietnam and Bangladesh are both relatively poor countries, but Vietnam is more developed than Bangladesh because it is closer to major markets such as China and Japan.
Finally, a country’s history can also affect its level of development. Countries that were colonized by European powers tend to be more developed than those that were not. This is because the colonizers introduced new technologies and ideas that helped to promote economic growth. In addition, countries that achieved independence early tend to be more developed than those that achieved independence later. This is because they have had more time to develop their economies.
The disparity of development across countries in South-East Asia appears to be greatest in Cambodia, Laos, and Myanmar. The major reason for the uneven growth between countries, according to most people, is due to geographic factors and political inclinations of the regions rather than anything else. I believe there are three primary causes behind such imbalanced development.
They are historical factors, environmental factors, and social factors.
1) Historical factors: a country’s history can greatly affect its present state of development. For example, if a country was once part of a colonial empire, it is likely that it will be less developed than other countries that were never colonized. This is because the colonizers typically exploit the resources of the colony for their own benefit, without investing in the long-term development of the colony.
Additionally, a country’s history can also affect its development through the legacy of past conflicts. Countries that have experienced war or internal conflict tend to have lower levels of development than those that have not. This is because conflict often leads to destruction of infrastructure and loss of human life, which can set a country back years or even decades in terms of development.
2) Environmental factors: a country’s environment can also affect its level of development. For example, countries that are located in tropical regions tend to be less developed than those in temperate regions. This is because the tropical climate is often associated with diseases like malaria, which can reduce productivity and hinder economic development. Additionally, countries that are prone to natural disasters like earthquakes or hurricanes tend to be less developed than those that are not, as these disasters can destroy infrastructure and impede economic activity.
3) Social factors: a country’s social structure can also affect its development. For example, countries with high levels of gender inequality tend to be less developed than those with more equal gender relations. This is because women often have fewer opportunities for education and employment, which can limit their ability to participate in the economy and contribute to economic growth. Additionally, countries with high levels of ethnic or religious conflict tend to be less developed than those without such conflicts. This is because these conflicts can lead to violence and displacement of people, which can disrupt economic activity and impede development.
So, these are some of the main reasons why some countries are more developed than others. Of course, there are many other factors that can contribute to uneven development, but these three are some of the most important. As you can see, a lot of it has to do with historical legacies, environmental conditions, and social structures. These are all things that can be changed, but it will take time and effort to do so.